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Italian hamlets you should know of

Discover Italy with those who know better ! 
Evocative charming towns, known to few unknown to many. 
Diverse in customs and cultures and yet they all have something in common:
Stunning views and rich history.
 
Liguria

 
Manarola, in the  Liguria region, may be the oldest and the second smallest of the famous Cinque Terre towns in La Spezia province.
 

Legend tells us as how a giant octopus warned the local population from an upcoming pirate raid by climbing up the church tower and ringing the bells. Tellaro is a small fishing village perched on a cliff on the east coast of the Gulf of La Spezia. It is listed as one of Italy's most beautiful villages.
 
 
Tuscany

Pitigliano, in the Tuscany region, is a town in the province of Grosseto.  Due to the historical presence of a Jewish community, the town is also know as the little Jerusalem.
 
 
Sorano is an ancient medieval hill town in the province of Grosseto and is also referred to as the Matera of Tuscany, for the particular characteristic of its many urban buildings carved into the tufa rock, reminiscent of the famous Sassi of Matera.

 
Lazio

Calcata is  a town in the province of Viterbo, about  47 kilometres (29 mi) north of Rome by car.

 
Civita di Bagnoregio is also located in the province of Viterbo, about 120 kilometers (75 miles) north of Rome. Founded by the Etruscans more than 2,500 years ago. The town is noted for its striking position on top of a plateau of friable volcanic tuff overlooking the Tiber river valley. 


 
Vitorchiano is a municipality in the Province of Viterbo, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northwest of Rome.
  
 
 Campania

Sant'Agata de' Goti​ lays on the slopes of Mount Taburno whose springs feeds the aqueduct  ​engineered ​ by Luigi Vanvitelli that brings  water to the Caserta Royal Place known as La Reggia di Caserta. The town is located about 35 km northeast of Naples in the province of Benevento.  The name derives from the Gascony family De Goth who held it in the 14th century.

 
Positano was a relatively poor fishing village during the first half of the twentieth century. It began to attract large numbers of tourists in the 1950s, especially after John Steinbeck published his essay about Positano in Harper's Bazaar in May, 1953: "Positano bites deep", Steinbeck wrote. "It is a dream place that isn’t quite real when you are there and becomes beckoningly real after you have gone."
 
 
First mentioned in the 6th century, Amalfi acquired importance as a maritime power. In medieval culture the  town was famous for its flourishing schools of law and mathematics. Amalfi is a town and comune in the province of Salerno, on the Gulf of Salerno surrounded by dramatic cliffs and coastal scenery. 
 
 
The roughly trapezoidal island is formed by a complex volcano at the western side of the Bay of Naples. Ischia, is the largest of the Phlegrean Islands and has about 34 km (21 miles) of coastline. The main industry is tourism, centering on thermal spas that cater mostly to European and Asian tourists eager to enjoy the fruits of the island's natural volcanic activity, its hot springs, and its volcanic mud.
 


Puglia (Apulia)

The town is nestled between the settlements of ancient rupestrian civilization dating back to before the Neolithic time. Massafra (Greek: Messaphros) is located in the province of Taranto. Its first historical mention dates back to the 10th century, under the Lombard rules. Scholars suggest that it might have been founded in the 5th century by refuges from the Roman provinces of Africa invaded by the Vandals.


 
Vieste is a marine resort in the Gargano peninsula, part of the Gargano National Park. Often the recipient of the coveted 'Blue Flags', due to the purity of its water. Its proximity to the coast made a easy pray for the Saracens infesting those waters  during the middle ages.
In 1554 around 5,000 inhabitants were executed by the Turks, on the grounds that they were too elderly or infirm to merit transportation into slavery. Vieste's most famous point is Pizzomunno, a vertical rocky monolith standing at 25 metres (82 ft) near the Spiaggia del Castello (Castle Beach).
 
 
Polignano a Mare in the province of Bari stands on a rocky outcrop overlooking the Adriatic Sea. Of particular interest are its natural caves and the historic center. The town has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period. Local economy is mainly based on tourism, agriculture and fishing.

 
Basilicata

Valsinni is located in the province of Matera. The town has an ancient tradition of millers and was awarded the Orange Flag , a sort of eco-tourism and environment recognition mark.​

 
Tursi (Greek: Thyrsoi)  also in the province of Matera.  In the 9th century was a stronghold of the Saracens and in 968 became the capital of the Byzantine.

 
Known as one of Italy's 'bellissimo' hamlet, Castelmezzano is located in the province of Potenza. The origins of Castelmezzano date to approximately between the 6th and 5th centuries BC, when Greek settlers got into the valley of Basento and founded a town called Maudoro, meaning roughly, the world of gold.
 

 
Was known  in antiquity as Rutunda Maris, today we refer to it as  'the balcony of the Ionian Sea' due to its strategic position. Various buildings that exist today were built in the late 1700. Rotondella is located in the province of Matera.
 


Calabria

The town of Gerace, in the province of Reggio di Calabria, spreads on a hill formed of conglomerates of sea fossils from 60 millions years ago. Its name derives from the Greek 'ierax' ("sparrowhawk"). According to a legend, the inhabitants of the coast, fleeing from a Saracen attack in 915 CE, were led by a sparrow hawk to the mountains commanding the area of Locri, and here they founded the city. In 986 the Saracens briefly conquered the city, but it returned to Byzantine control until the Norman conquest in 1059. Because of its  medieval charm and the numerous well preserved churches the town is also known as the 'Firenze del Sud' ( Florence of the South).
 
 
In the municipal area of Melito di Porto Salvo, in the province of Reggio di Calabria, Pentedattilo, the 'Ghost Town',  is one of the most distinctive villages in the whole  Calabria. The abandoned town is being slowly brought back to life by local associations and some houses can be rented in the summer period.
 
 
Scilla, once famous for sword fish, in Reggio di Calabria province, is a seaside resort facing Sicily. The old and new sides of the town are separated by a rocky promontory crowned by a castle of late medieval origins. This was the fishing village in the Homeric myth of Scylla and Charybdis, the two sea monsters which threatened ships in the waters of the strait.
  
 
In a dominant position, overlooking the Violet coast, from a shelf of the coastal mountains, Palmi in the province of Reggio di Calabria, is a major seaside resort thanks to its landscape, which has led writers and poets to call it the "terrace on the Strait of Messina".
 
 
Rossano is located in the province of Cosenza. It was one of Calabria's major centres of Byzantine civilization. The Diocesan Museum holds the 'Codex purpureus rossanensis' (6th century), a Greek transcription of the Gospels.


 
Perched on a steep rock, Santa Severina, in the province of Crotone, offers precious examples of Byzantine and Norman architecture, such as the beautifully preserved  Norman castle, the cathedral and the Byzantine baptistery.
 
 
 Sicily

Erice in the province of Trapani - Situated at the top of the mountain of the same name, it has retained the appearance and the atmosphere of a medieval town, with silent alleyways climbing up inside the well preserved old walls. The Pepoli Castle near the luxuriant Balio garden stands on the site of the ancient acropolis. Here too are the Venere Castle, a medieval fortress from which there is a magnificent view.
 

 
Monreale in the province of Palermo - Standing on a panoramic site overlooking the very fertile valley called ​Conca d'Oro. It is famous for its cathedral, the greatest example of Norman architecture in Sicily. Built  in 1174, its facade is flanked by two powerful quadrangular towers and it has splendid bronze-imposts on the main portal and the apse. The cloister is surrounded by porticoes with pointed arches   supported by 228 slender twin columns with capitals delicately sculpted with motifs of Biblical inspiration.
 

 
Milazzo - Located in the province of Messina, is one of Sicily's most important towns. It is divided into two, with the old town higher up. In Homer's Odyssey, Milazzo is the place where Ulysses is shipwrecked and meets Polyphemus. In the 9th century was conquered by the Arabs, who built here the first nucleus of the castle. Frederick II of Hohenstaufen further fortified the town and created here a personal hunting park. 


 
Randazzo - Despite the serious damage suffered during the last war, the town of Randazzo in the province of Catania , built entirely of lava, has preserved intact its distinctive appearance. It is the nearest town to the summit of Etna, and is one of the points from which the ascent may be made.
 

 
Noto - Considered  to be the capital of Sicilian Baroque . It is located in the province of Siracusa and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2002. The older town ( Noto Antica)  lies about 8 kilometres away.  In 866 it was conquered by the Arabs, who elevated to a capital city of one of three districts of the island (the Val di Noto). In 1091, it became the last Muslim stronghold in Sicily to fall to the Christians. Later it was a rich Norman city. According to legend, Daedalus stopped here after his flight over the Ionian Sea, as well as Hercules, after his seventh task.


 
Enna, (Greek: Ἔννα; Latin: Haenna) is one of Sicily's major cities located roughly at the center of Sicily, in the province of the same name. Due to its location, the Romans named it "Urbs Inexpugnabilis" for its impregnability. Throughout history has been also known as "Navel of Sicily", (ombelico della Sicilia) for its central geographical position with respect to the Island, and "Belvedere of Sicily", for its panoramic views.​ 
Homer, best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, describes Enna as the place where Persephone (daughter of Zeus and the harvest goddess Demeter) was abducted by Hades, the god-king of the underworld.
Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Enna flourished as an important Byzantine stronghold. Was taken by Muslim troops in 859, in the course of the Islamic conquest of Sicily. 
 

 
Sardinia
 
  
The old town of Castelsardo in the province of Province of Sassari dominated by the Aragonese fortress with its distinctive appearance due mainly to the well preserved old town walls.


 
Bosa is a town and comune in the province of Oristano, not far from the resort of Bosa Marina overlooked by the ruins of the castle of Serravalle.
 
 
Alghero in the northwestern province of Sassari is a popular seaside resort surrounded by beautiful beaches. The oldest remains in town are the Aragonese fortifications.
 
 
 

 
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